What Sugar Does To Your Body

sugarWho doesn’t love the taste of sugar? The minute something sweet touches your tongue, your brain tells you that you are eating something delicious. But what happens after that yummy tasting food lands in your stomach?  It is diluted by digestive juices and then moved into your small intestine. The enzymes in your body break it down into the molecules glucose and fructose. If eaten repeatedly, they can do a number on your body. Here is what sugar does to your body.

Glucose

Glucose seeps through the walls of your small intestine and triggers your pancreas to secrete insulin.  Insulin is the hormone that tells your body to use the sugar as energy.  But if there is too much glucose, your brain counters by sending out another hormone, serotonin, which causes you to feel sleepy. Insulin blocks the production of the hormone leptin which is what tells your body you are full.  So too much sugar will actually cause you to feel more hungry. Now your body thinks your starving and begins storing the glucose as belly fat. After more time of constant sugar eating, your cells become resistant to insulin and all the glucose is left floating in your bloodstream and may cause diabetes.

Fructose

Fructose also seeps through your small intestine into the bloodstream and goes straight to your liver. Your liver tries to metabolize the fructose to turn it into something that your body can use, but it becomes overwhelmed and prompts globules of fat to grow throughout the liver and can cause fatty liver disease. Too much fructose also lowers HDL (good cholesterol) raising your risk of heart attack and stroke.

What Sugar Does To Your Body|Women’s Health

Common Drugs May Carry Risk Of Side Effects

side effectsMost common medications prescribed by dentists and physicians for treating medical and dental problems carry a significant risk of developing side effects. Interestingly, these reactions do not necessarily appear on every individual who is prescribed with these drugs, but only occur in those who are vulnerable. The likelihood of an adverse reaction to a particular drug depends upon the individual’s general health, lifestyle as well as genetic configuration. Most of these symptoms fade away as soon as the medication is stopped. However, as a precaution it is better to consult your general dentist or physician if the symptoms persist. Some of the most common side effects encountered by dental patients are:

Dry Mouth or Xerostomia

This is a condition in which there is a decreased flow of saliva, either due to an obstruction in the salivary pathway, an infection. It can be caused by an adverse effect to a medicine. This can lead to tooth decay, sensitivity, infection and ultimately tooth loss. In cases of persistent dry mouth, “bad breath” also develops. Frequent water intake, artificial saliva or administration of para-sympathomimetic drugs can be used for treatment

Overgrowth of Gums or Hyperplasia

Gums respond to a drug reaction or an infection by over-growth or Hyperplasia. Various drugs such as calcium channel blockers, used for controlling seizures or immunosuppressant drugs prescribed after organ transplants, have been implicated in gingival hyperplasia. Research has shown that this adverse effect can be countered by maintaining a meticulous oral hygiene

Reaction of oral soft tissues

Some drugs, such as those used in cancer treatment or controlling blood pressure, can cause development of ulcers or discoloration inside the soft tissues of oral cavity.  The ulcers may be painful or painless. Several other factors such as poor dietary habits, stress and menstruation can lead to development of ulcers. Healing usually occurs immediately after removal of the instigating agent.

Bleeding Abnormalities

Aspirin is widely known to disrupt the blood clotting system of the body. In addition heparin and warfarin are commonly used anti-coagulating therapeutic agents for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. It is necessary that if you are taking these medications, you should tell your dentist or physician and stop taking them before undergoing any surgical procedure.

Allergic Reactions

A few drugs have been known to cause allergic reactions in susceptible individuals, such as penicillin allergy or drugs that are applied locally in the oral cavity, such as lignocaine gel. An allergic reaction may be mild and goes away after removal of causative agent. But it could be a life threatening, acute anaphylactic type reaction, which could be fatal if not treated or reversed immediately. Steroids and anti-histamines can be given for treating chronic allergic reactions while epinephrine is given in case of an acute allergy.

Although a large number of therapeutic agents have been known to cause adverse reactions, their chances of occurrence are less if the physician’s advice is followed. However, it is necessary to visit your doctor if you observe any signs of an adverse reaction after taking a medication.

Why Vapor From E-Cigarettes Is Dangerous

e-cigarettesThink that you’re doing your body a favor by using vapor E-cigarettes instead of traditional tobacco cigarettes?  In this video clip from Dr. Oz, he explains that the vapor released from smoking e-cigarettes contains formaldehyde and heavy metals, which are toxic and harmful. Most E-cigarettes still contain nicotine as well which is very addictive.  Check out the video form Dr. Oz’s show here: Why Vapor From E-Cigarretes Is Dangerous | The Dr. Oz Show.

Kissing And Bacteria

kissingA new study published in the journal Microbiome, suggests that just one 10 second kiss transfers 80 million bacteria. But don’t swear off kissing. This article, found on Medical News Today, explains that there are over 100 trillion microorganisms that naturally live in our bodies. They are there to help us digest food, synthesize nutrients and prevent disease.

Read all about this interesting study about kissing and bacteria here: Just one 10-second kiss transfers 80 million bacteria – Medical News Today.

Importance Of Sleep

importance of sleepAccording to the National Sleep Foundation (NSF), more than 60% of Americans have trouble sleeping at least a few nights a week. Many suffer from sleep disorders that go undiagnosed and untreated.  More than 40 % of adults experience daytime sleepiness that is severe enough to interfere with their daily activities. As we all know, sleep is essential for our health and well being. The next few paragraphs explain the importance of sleep.

The amount of sleep needed varies from person to person.  On average, most adults should get eight hours of sleep a night.  However, some people are able to function without feeling sleepy on as little as six hours of sleep. So what are some reasons that we don’t get the sleep we need?

Scientists who study sleep disorders have found that problems can be directly or indirectly connected to abnormalities in the brain and nervous system, the cardiovascular system, metabolic functions or the immune system.   Lack of sleep can cause disorders and diseases such as pathological sleepiness, insomnia and accidents, elevated stroke risk, depression, obesity and even alcohol and drug abuse.

Stress is the number one cause of short term sleeping difficulties.  Things like school or work, family or marriage problems, or illness or death in the family can cause stressful situations.  Usually the sleep problems will go away when the stressful situation passes. There are many other things that can cause lack of sleep.  To read more about these things, check out the full article from the APA here.