What You Should Know About Periodontitis and Pregnancy

periodontitis and pregnancy

Know the facts about periodontitis and pregnancy

Research has revealed that periodontitis and pregnancy are not a good mix. Did you know that pregnant women with periodontitis are 3 to 5 times more in danger of having premature birth when compared to pregnant women without any gum diseases? Did you also know that pregnant women suffering from gum diseases are 6 times more likely in danger of delivering low weight babies? These facts have been proven by various studies.

If you are pregnant or there is someone you know who is pregnant, you should be aware of this vital information about periodontitis and how it might affect one’s pregnancy.

What is periodontitis?

Well, it is a disease that affects the gums and other supporting tissues. Technically speaking, it’s an inflammatory disease which affects the tissues supporting and surrounding your teeth.

Usually it is connected with increasing bone loss that surrounds the teeth and without dental treatment this could lead to the loosening and finally the loss of teeth.

It is caused by microorganisms that attach themselves on the tooth’s surface and thrive on food remnants. There are different types of periodontitis, namely: chronic periodontitis, aggressive periodontitis, periodontitis as symptoms of systemic disease, necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis, periodontal abscess, and endo-periodontic lesions.

Correlation between Periodontitis and Pregnancy

How is periodontitis connected with pregnancy? Periodontal disease starts in the form of gingivitis in which the gums swell up and turn red.

During pregnancy, there is hormonal imbalance resulting in the fragility of blood capillaries. Along with that condition, bacterial infection adds to the trouble causing the gums to become red and inflamed. The gums become increasingly sensitive and this might result in bleeding or pain.

Further, the presence of high levels of estrogen and progesterone hormones cause the gums to react adversely to the bacteria in dental plaque and in most cases paves the way to the condition of a pregnancy tumor (a benign growth of gum tissue) affecting almost 65% to 70% of pregnant women.

Usually gums affected with this kind of dental condition serve as a toxic hub of periodontal bacteria. All toxins generated by these bacteria eventually attack your gums as well as the bones around the teeth. The infected area gives oral bacteria and their toxins an easy access to your blood stream and thereby moves unrestricted throughout the body.

This way the bacteria reach and penetrate the membranes of the placenta and in the process can cause complications like preeclampsia or labor and eventually lead to premature birth.

Thus, it is vital to have a periodontal test or evaluation as a part of the routine prenatal check-up of any pregnant woman from a dental professional to prevent this.

Pregnancy is a crucial phase in a woman’s life, so avoid the risk of suffering from periodontal disease during your pregnancy. Call your dental professional and schedule an appointment for an overall oral check-up.