The Human Mouth

the human mouthThe human mouth is a complex structure that we use every day. Have you ever wondered about all the parts of the mouth?  The mouth anatomy consists of jaws, teeth, gums, tongue, palate, cheeks, and lips. The mouth is the means for which food and air enters the body. The different parts of the mouth play different roles that are all important in breathing, eating, and speaking.

Lips – The soft part of tissue surrounding the boundary of the mouth.  They seal the oral cavity and contribute in behavioral expressions like kissing, talking and laughing.

Cheeks – The sidewalls of the mouth.

Teeth – Calcified structures within the lower and upper jaws which are used for chewing.

Periodontium (gums) – The supporting tissues that surround the teeth and keep them in place.

Tongue – Muscular organ that tastes food and aids in chewing and swallowing. The tongue contains many taste buds that sense sweet, sour, salty and bitter.

Jaws – The bone structure that forms the skeleton of the mouth and hold the human teeth.

Palate – The roof of the mouth that separates the mouth from the nasal cavity.  It is divided into soft and hard palate.

Salivary glands – There are 3 pairs of major salivary glands that provide our mouths with saliva. Saliva is the fluid that moistens and protects the mouth and aids in the breakdown of foods and swallowing.

Mouth Anatomy|Teeth and Mouth