What Is Orthognathic Surgery?

orthognathic surgeryOrthognathic surgery is often used in addition to orthodontic treatment and is done when there are issues with the jaw and teeth. Some of the problems that can be corrected with orthognathic surgery are: Unbalanced facial appearance, protruding jaw, upper and lower teeth don’t overlap properly, wearing down of teeth, difficulty with chewing or biting, sleeping issues, TMJ issues and restoring facial injuries.

While orthognathic surgery is used in conjunction to orthodontics, it can be a bit tricky to know when the right time to start orthodontics is.  If it is started too soon on a child that is still growing, they may need braces for a while before the surgery and then again after the surgery.  It is very important to discuss all your options with an experienced orthodontist to find out the best treatment plan for you or your child.

What Is Orthognathic Surgery?|Smiles At South Center

Correcting An Overbite

overbiteAn overbite is a misalignment of the teeth and jaw that can cause problems with chewing and can also place excess stress on the jaw and joints. If an overbite is not corrected it can cause tooth enamel to wear down and may cause injury to the teeth and gums.

Most overbites are corrected using orthodontic braces. They are clear or metal brackets that are glued to the teeth.  Wires and bands connect the brackets and they are bent or tightened to move the teeth. Invisalign is another option which uses clear trays that fit over the teeth.  For some patients, there are other appliances that may promote growth of the lower jaw or reposition it to resolve the overbite.

If the overbite is severe enough surgery may be the only method for correction. This will allow the jaw bones to an ideal facial balance and correct your bite. The dentist, oral surgeon and orthodontist will coordinate treatment to help you achieve the best results.

An overbite is considered to be corrected when the upper and lower teeth fit correctly together and biting forces are evenly distributed over all of the teeth. Your teeth, gums and bones will function correctly and you will enjoy a better smile.

Correcting Your Overbite|Your Dental Health Resource

Malocclusion

malocclusionYou may have heard the term, malocclusion, when referring to crooked teeth.  Also commonly known as crowded teeth, cross bite, over bite, under bite or open bite.

Most people have some degree of misalignment, but for some people the misalignment causes more noticeable problems. If you have any pain in your jaw, problems with speech or eating, trouble with breathing, or any difficulty keeping the lips closed, you definitely need to see your dentist about those issues.

There are 3 types of malocclusion. Class I is the most common type.  In this type, the first molars are normal, but other teeth are affected by problems in spacing, crowding and over/under eruption.  Class II is when the upper molars significantly overlap the bottom teeth. Class III is the opposite of II in which the lower jaw protrudes more than the upper, causing the bottom front teeth to overlap the upper ones.

Malocclusion can either be inherited or acquired from bad habits such as thumb sucking or tongue thrusting. Malocclusion can be treated with the use of dental braces. Braces help straighten teeth and push them to their correct position in order to fix the bite. Another way it can be treated is through removing teeth.  This helps with overcrowding.  Surgery of the jaw is very rare but may be needed in order to reshape the jaw or stabilize the jaw bone.

Causes And Treatment Of Malocclusion Of Teeth|Dental Health Site

Why Orthodontics Are Important

Having a great smile not only makes you more attractive, but is also a sign of good overall health.  Most people think that braces and orthodonti24002003-beautiful-asian-woman-touches-her-black-hat-and-look-upcs are just about getting straight teeth and a perfect smile, but that’s just part of it. Having properly aligned teeth and a correct bite are a huge part of good dental hygiene.

If teeth are crowded or overlapping it is difficult to brush and floss them properly.  Plaque can build up and lead to tooth decay or gum disease.

Having a bad bite, such as an overbite, crossbite, or underbite, don’t always look bad just from seeing a smile.  But if the teeth do not fit together smoothly when the mouth is closed it can cause problems. It can place extra stress on the jaw muscles and even cause neck, shoulder and back pain.  It can lead to TMJ disorders and lead to uneven wear wear on the teeth surfaces.

Orthodontics are also important because having an unattractive smile can make people feel self conscious.  Many people who feel their teeth are too crooked won’t even smile and they never look happy.

The mouth is the “entrance” to the rest of the body and its health is critical for proper breathing, speaking, chewing, swallowing and conveying emotions to the rest of the world.  Modern orthodontics make it possible for everyone to have a spectacular smile!

Gem Magazine Long Island