Gum Disease And Bone Loss

toothbrushGum disease is one of the most widespread illnesses across the world. If it’s not too serious, it can be reversed by improving on oral hygiene and regular dentist visits. But if periodontitis is left untreated it can lead to tooth loss and bone loss.

Infection of the gums and teeth leads to bone inflammation.  This causes bone tissue to break down.  Read more about how and why this happens in an article from Newburg Family Dental here: Proteins and Periodontitis: Delving Into the Cause of Bone Loss | Newberg Family Dental

Treating Gum Conditions In Kidney Disease Patients

People who are affected by chronic kidney disease often have poor health outcomes because of an increase in cardiovascular disease. Some studies have shown that those with kidney disease  are linked to gum conditions such as periodontitis.

Treating periodontitis can significantly reduce the risk of fatal heart disease in these patients with chronic kidney disease. Studies show that more than 85% of these patients do have gum disease because of failure to remove dental plaque. Bacteria from the mouth can enter the bloodstream and cause clots and narrowing of arteries.

Read more about this study on Medical News Today here: Treating A Common Gum Condition Could Reduce Risks Of Heart Attacks In Kidney Disease Patients|Medical News Today.

Secondhand Smoke: Risk Factor For Periodontitis

secondhand smokeWe are all aware of the fact that smoking is bad for our health. There have been thousands upon thousands of newsletters, videos, articles and documentaries that have been created to inform us that smoking can be dangerous and can cause various ailments. One of the leading causes for lung cancer and oral cancer is tobacco smoking. This is because of the nicotine present in tobacco smoke. Nicotine is a known carcinogen (one that causes cancer). Studies have reported that passive smoking, more commonly known as secondhand smoking, can be equally harmful to one’s health. This is because the destruction caused in the lungs from tobacco is almost the same in a nonsmoker and a smoker.

Recent studies have revealed an astonishing fact that the risk for development of periodontitis is higher in nonsmokers who inhale secondhand smoke compared to those nonsmokers who do not come in contact with smoke at all. Periodontitis is the inflammation of the gums and the supporting tissues. It has very debilitating effects on the mouth and teeth. The common signs of periodontitis are swollen and bleeding gums, periodontal pockets, furcation involvement, gum recession, tooth sensitivity due to receding gums and bone loss. In cases of severe periodontitis one may have periodontal abscesses, loose teeth due to excess bone loss and even tooth loss. Periodontitis is a serious dental problem because one tends to lose healthy teeth due to lack of support or anchorage from the supporting tissues.

To evaluate the effects of secondhand smoke on periodontitis a study was conducted by researchers of the University of North Carolina. These researchers recorded the levels of serum continine. It is a nicotine metabolite that moves around in blood and can be recorded from the blood samples of an individual. For the purpose of study and research, the blood samples of 3,255 nonsmokers were taken into consideration. Apart from that a thorough periodontal examination was also conducted.

The results were tallied and after analysis the reports showed that the development of periodontitis of moderate or severe level was 62% more in exposed nonsmokers than nonexposed nonsmokers. Similarly, exposed nonsmokers were at least 1.5 times more at a risk of developing moderate to severe level of periodontitis as compared to the unexposed counterparts.

This study shows that secondhand smoke has adverse effects in the oral tissue also apart from affecting the lungs. The nonsmokers should be more careful and try to stay away from environmental smoke. Otherwise they will suffer due to someone else’s fault. They should not put themselves at such a risk.

10 Frightening Dental Problems

dental problemsIn this informative article from Dr. Carol Ford, you can read about ten scary dental problems that affect people everywhere. It is important to view dental care as an integral part of your overall health.  If you ignore concerns with your oral health, there are some frightening things that can happen.  Here are 10 things that can be serious if you don’t seek dental care promptly.

1. Oral cancer – More than 110 mouth cancer cases are diagnosed per day in the U.S. Please ask your dentist about performing an oral cancer exam when you make your next appointment.

2. Sensitive teeth or tooth pain – There are many possible causes for tooth pain, but some can be extremely serious if left untreated.

3. Periodontitis – Otherwise known as gum disease.  Advanced gum disease can destroy bone and soft tissue and surgery may be necessary.

Read the other 7 scary dental problems from Dr. Ford here: Dental Care | 10 Scary Dental Problems.

Important Information On The Relation Between Diabetes And Gum Disease

diabetes and gum diseaseThe following are answers to some of the questions people with diabetes ask concerning diabetes and gum disease:

1. Does any link exist between gum infection and diabetes?

For the close to 21 million Americans with diabetes, many of them may be stunned to learn about an unanticipated complication related to this condition. A study has revealed that the prevalence of gum disease among people with diabetes has increased. This has added gum disease to the list of various complications related to diabetes, including heart ailments, stroke and kidney disease.

2. Does gum disease somehow affect diabetes and vice versa?

Emerging studies show that the link between severe gum disease and diabetes is collaborative. In addition to susceptibility to developing gum disease, diabetic people with severe gum disorder, also referred to as periodontitis, can have their blood glucose management affected. Consequently, this can contribute to the progression of diabetes.

Research also suggests that people with diabetes are at a higher risk for oral health complications including gingivitis (a primary stage of gum disease) and periodontitis (severe gum disease). Such people are at a greater risk for severe gum disease since they are generally more prone to bacterial infection and have a lower ability to fight bacteria that invade the gums.

Good oral health is vital to general health. This is in accordance with the Surgeon General’s Report on Oral health. You should ensure that you brush and floss appropriately and visit your dentist for dental check-ups on regular basis.

3. Is a person with diabetes in danger of dental complications?

In case a person’s glucose levels are not well controlled, the probability of developing severe gum disease and losing more teeth than non-diabetics is higher. Just like all disorders, severe gum disease may be a factor triggering high blood sugar levels and is likely to make diabetes more difficult to manage.

Thrush, an infection normally caused by fungus growing in the mouth, and dry mouth, which is capable of causing discomfort, ulcers, infections as well as cavities are the additional oral problems linked to diabetes.

4. How can one help avert dental problems related to diabetes?

The first priority is to manage blood sugar level. Secondly, good care should be taken for teeth and gums and a check-up should be done every six months. To keep thrush (a fungal infection) under control, a good diabetic management should be maintained.  Smoking should be shunned and a person should remove and clean dentures every day if he wears them. Proper blood glucose control can also be helpful in prevention or relief of dry mouth caused by diabetes.

5. What should a diabetic person expect at the check-up? Should a disclosure be made to the dental specialist about an individual’s diabetes?

People with diabetes have special needs. Dentists and hygienists are well equipped to meet those needs with the help of the person. The dentist and hygienist should be kept informed of any variations in a person’s condition, plus any medicine they might be taking. Any non-emergency dental procedures should be postponed if blood sugar levels are not under proper control.